عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to design and test a model of some antecedents and outcomes of organizational creativity. In this model, organizational innovative climate, psychological capital, intrinsic motivation and psychological empowerment were considered as the antecedents of organizational creativity while organizational innovation and job performance were considered as the outcomes. The participants of the study were 340 employees, (including 304 males and 36 females) of National Iranian South Oil Company (NISOC) in Ahvaz, who were selected by stratified random sampling method. The instruments used to measure the variables were Situational Outlook Questionnaire (SOQ), Psychological Capital Scale, Intrinsic Motivation Scale, Psychological Empowerment Scale, Organizational Creativity Scale, Organizational Innovation Scale and Job Performance Scale. Fitness of the proposed model was examined through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), SPSS-18 and AMOS-18 software packages. The indirect effects were tested using the bootstrap procedure. Findings indicated that the proposed model fit the data relatively well. Better fit and more meaningful results were obtained by omitting four non-significant paths and using AMOS modification indices. All indirect effects were significant as well.
ارشدی، نسرین. (1386). طراحی و آزمودن الگویی از پیشایندها و پیامدهای مهم انگیزش شغلی در کارکنان شرکت ملی مناطق نفتخیز جنوب– منطقه اهواز. پایاننامه دکتری روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز.
Akgun, A., Keskin, H.,& Byrne, J. (2009). Organizational emotional capability, product and process innovation, and firm performance: An empirical analysis. J. Eng. Technol Manage, 26, 103–130.
Albert, A., & Kormos, J. (2011). Creativity and narrative task performance: An exploratory study. Journal of Research in Language Studies, 61 (1), 73–99.
Amabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in Context, Boulder, CO: West View Press Inc. (1998), “How to Kill Creativity,” Harvard Business Review, 76 (5), 77–8.
Amabile, T. M., Conti, R., Coon, H., & Lazenby, Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 1154–1184.
Amabile, T. M., Schatzel, E. A., Moneta, G. B., & Kramer, S. J. (2004). Leader behaviors and the work environment for creativity: Perceived leader support. The Leadership Quarterly, 15 (1), 5–32.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.
Baron, R. A., & Tang, J. (2011). The role of entrepreneurs in firm-level innovation: Joint effects of positive affect, creativity, and environmental dynamism. Journal of Business Venturing, 26, 49–60.
Cekmeceliolu, H. G., & Gunsel, A. (2011). Promoting creativity among employees of mature industries: The effects of autonomy and role stress on creative behaviors and job Performance. 7th International Strategic Management Conference, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 24, 889–895.
Coelho, F., Augusto ,M., & Lages, L. (2011). Contextual Factors and the creativity of frontline employees the mediating effects of role stress and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Retailing, 87 (1), 31–45.
Cummings, B. S. (1998). Innovation overview and future challenges. European Journal of Innovation Management, 1 (1), 21-29.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and Self determination in Human Behavior. New York: Plenum.
Drazin, R., & Schoonhoven, C. B. (1996). Community, population, and organization effects on innovation: A multilevel perspective. The Academy of Management Journal, 39 (5), 1065-83.
Gagne, M., Deci, E. L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 331–362.
George, p. H. (2009). Organizational learning and creativity and innovation. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 38 (4), 102-129.
Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational leadership, creativity, and organizational innovation.Journal of Business Research, 62 (4), 461-473.
Isaksen, S. G., & Akkermans, H. J. (2007). An introduction to climate. Orchard Park, NY: The Creative Problem Solving Group, Inc.
Isaksen, S. G., & Ekvall, G. (2007). Assessing the context for change: A technical manual for the Situational Outlook Questionnaire®- Enhancing performance of organizations, leaders and teams for over 50 years (2nd ed). Orchard Park, NY: The Creative Problem Solving Group, Inc.
Isaksen, S. G., Aerts, W., & Isaksen. E. J. (2010). Creating more innovative workplaces: linking problem-solving style and organizational Climate. The Creative Problem Solving Group, Inc. http://www.cpsb.com
Isaksen, S. G., & Isaksen, E. J. (2011). The climate for creativity and innovation: and its relationship to empowerment, consumer insight, and ambiguity. Orchard Park, NY: The Creative Problem Solving Group, Inc. http://www.cpsb.com
Jaskyte, K. (2008). Employee creativity in U.S. and lithuanian nonprofit organizations. Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 18 (4). Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Liu, F.C., & Lin, Y.Y. (2011). A cross-level analysis of organizational creativity climate and perceived innovation: The mediating effect of work motivation. European Journal of Innovation Management, 15 (1) 55-76. http://www. Emerald insight. com/ journals. htm/ 1958507.
Luthans, F. (2002). Positive organizational behavior: Developing and managing psychological strengths. Academy of Management Executive, 16 (1), 57–72.
Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., Avey, J. B., & Norman, S. M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 60 (3), 541–72.
Luthans, F., Youssef, C. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2007). Psychological capital. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mueller, J. S., Goncalo, J. A., & Kamdar, D. (2011). Recognizing creative leadership: Can creative idea expression negatively relate to perceptions of leadership potential? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 494-498.
Oldham, G. R., & Cummings, A. (1996). Employee creativity: Personal and contextual factors at work. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 607–634.
Patterson, Ch. (2005). Individual and Organizational creativity, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Prabhu, V., Sutton, C., & Sauser, W. (2008). Creativity and certain personality traits: Understanding the mediating effect of intrinsic motivation. Creativity Research Journal, 20, 53–66.
Rego, A., Machado, F., Leal, S., & Cunha, M. P. (2009). Are hopeful employees more creative? An empirical study. Creativity Research
Journal, 21 (2/3), 223–31.
Rego, A., Sousa, F., Marques, C., & Cunha, M. (2011). Authentic leadership promoting employees' psychological capital and creativity. Journal of Business Research, 55, 120–151.
Rickards, T., & Moger, S. (2006). Creative Leaders: A decade of contributions from creativity and Innovation management journal. Creativity and Innovation Management, 15 (1),4-18.
Shalley, C. E., & Gilson, L. L. (2004). What leaders need to know: A review of social and contextual factors that can foster or hinder creativity. The Leadership Quarterly, 15 (1), 33–53.
Shalley, C. E., Zhou, J., & Oldham, G. R. (2004). The effects of personal and contextual characteristics on creativity: Where should we go from here. Journal of Management, 30 (6), 933-58.
Shalley, C. E., Zhou, J. ( 2008). Organizational creativity research: A historical overview. In J. Zhou & C. E. Shalley (Eds.), Handbook of organizational creativity: 95–123. New York: Taylor and Francis.
Spreitzer, G. M. (1995). Psychological empowerment in the workplace: Dimensions, measurements and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 3, 1442–1466.
Spreitzer, G. M. (2007). Taking stock: A review of more than twenty years of research on empowerment at work. In J. Barling, & C. Copper (Eds.), The handbook of organizational behavior, 54–72. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Suh, T., & Shin, H. (2005). Creativity, job performance and their correlates: a comparison between nonprofit and profit-driven organizations. Int. J. Nonprofit Volunt. Sect. Mark. 10, 203–211 Published online in Wiley Inter Science.
Sun, L., Zhang, Z., Qi, J., & Chen, Z. (2011). Empowerment and creativity: A cross-level investigation. The Leadership Quarterly, 11, 257-278.
Sweetman, D., Luthans, F., Avey, J. B., & Luthans, B. C. (2011). Relationship between positive psychological capital and creative performance. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 28 (1) 4–13.
Tierney, P., & Farmer, S. M. (2002). Creative self-efficacy: Potential antecedents and relationship to creative performance. Academy of Management Journal, 45, 1137–1148.
Tierney, P., & Farmer, S. M. (2004). The Pygmalion process and employee creativity. Journal of Management, 30 (3), 413–32.
Tierney, P., Farmer, S. M., & Graen, G.B. (1999). An examination of leadership and employee creativity: The relevance of traits and relationships. Personnel Psychology, 52, 591–620.
Wang, C. L., & Ahmed, P. K. (2004). The development and validation of the organizational innovativeness construct using confirmatory factor analysis. European Journal of Innovation Management, 7, 303–313.
Wang, P., & Rode, J. C. (2010). Transformational leadership and follower creativity: The moderating effects of identification with leader and organizational climate. human relations, 63 (8), 1105–1128 .
Westwood, R., & Low, D. R. (2003). The multicultural Muse: Culture, creativity and innovation. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 3 (2), 235–257.
Zampetakis, L. A., & Moustakis, V. (2006). Linking creativity with entrepreneurial intention: A structural approach. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2 (3), 413–428.
Zampetakis, L. A., Bouranta, N., & Moustakis, V. S. (2010). On the relationship between individual creativity and time management. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 5, 23–32.
Zhang, X., & Bartol, K. (2010). Linking empowering leadership and employee creativity: The influence of psychological empowerment, intrinsic motivation, and creative process engagement. Academy of Management Journal, 53 (1), 107–28.
Zhou J., & George, J. M. (2001). When job dissatisfaction leads to creativity: Encouraging the expression of voice. Academy of Management Journal, 44 (4), 682–96.