اثر سیاست سازمانی ادراک‌شده بر استرس شغلی و قصد ترک شغل با توجه به نقش میانجی‌گر بدبینی نسبت به سازمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه رازی

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه رازی

چکیده




این پژوهش با هدف تعیین اثر سیاست سازمانی ادراک‌شده بر استرس شغلی و قصد ترک شغل با میانجی‌گری بدبینی به سازمان انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی کارکنان شهرداری شهر ویس در استان خوزستان به تعداد 256 نفر در سال 1393 بودند که از میان آنان، 185 نفر به‌صورت تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. ابزارها شامل پرسشنامه سیاست سازمانی ادراک‌شده، پرسشنامه بدبینی به سازمان، پرسشنامه استرس شغلی و پرسشنامه قصد ترک شغل بود. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از روش الگویابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) استفاده شد. جهت آزمودن اثرهای واسطه‌ای در الگوی پیشنهادی از روش بوت استراپ استفاده شد. نتایج نشان دادند که الگوی پیشنهادی از برازش خوبی با داده‌ها برخوردار است. یافته‌ها نشان داد که ادراک سیاست سازمانی با استرس شغلی، قصد ترک شغل و بدبینی به سازمان رابطه دارد. به‌علاوه، بدبینی به سازمان، میانجی‌گر رابطه بین سیاست سازمانی ادراک‌شده، استرس شغلی و قصد ترک شغل بود.


کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of Perceived Organizational Politics on Job Stress and Turnover Intention with Mediating Role of Organizational Cynicism

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khodamorad Momeni 1
  • Ghazaleh Hayavi 2
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of perceived organizational politics on job stress and turnover intention, with mediating role of organizational cynicism. Participants included 185 randomly selected employees from the Weis city Mayoralty in Khuzestan province. The instruments included perceived organizational politics scale, job stress scale, turnover intention scale and organizational cynicism scale. Fitness of the proposed model was examined using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The indirect effects were tested using bootstrap procedure. Findings indicated that the proposed model was fitted with the data. Results revealed that perceived organizational politics had an effect on job stress and turnover intention through organizational cynicism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : job stress
  • organizational cynicism
  • perceived organizational politics
  • turnover intention

ابراهیمی، عباس و مشبکی، اصغر (1392). بررسی تأثیر ادراک از سیاست‌های سازمانی و حمایت سازمانی در بروز رفتارهای انحرافی. فصلنامه مدیریت سازمان‌های دولتی، 1(2)، 22-7.

 

لاتین

Abbas, M., Raja, U., Darr, W., & Bouckenooghe, D. (2012). Combined effects of perceived politics and psychological capital on job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and performance. Journal of Managemen, 40(7), 1-18.

Abubakar, R. A., Chauhan, A., Kura, K. M. (2014). Relationship between perceived organizational politics, organizational trust, human resource management practices and turnover intention among Nigerian nurses. International Journal of Business and Development Studies, 6(1), 53-82

Adkins, J. A., Kelley, S. D., Bickman, L., & Weiss, H. M. ( 2011). Program evaluation: The bottom line in organizational health. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 395-415). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Anderson, R. A. (1994). Stress effects on chromium nutrition of humans and farm animals. Nothingam, UK: Nothingham University Press.

Bedi, A., & Schat, A. C. H. (2013). Perceptions of organizational politics: A meta-analysis of its attitudinal, health, and behavioural consequences. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, 54(4), 246-259.

Blau, P. (1964). Exchange and power in social life. New York: Wiley.

Bodla, M. A., & Danish, R. Q. (2009). Politics and workplace: an empirical examination of the relationship between perceived organizational politics and work performance. South Asian Journal of Management, 16(1), 44-62.

Bodla, M. A., Afza. T., & Danish. R. Q. (2014). Relationship between organizational politics perceptions and employees’ performance; mediating role of social exchange perceptions. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences, 8(2), 426-444.

Chiaburu, D. S., Peng, C. A., Oh, I., Banks, G. C., & Lomeli, L. C. (2013). Antecedents and consequences of employee organizational cynicism: A meta-analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 83(2), 181-197.

Cinar, O., Karcioglu, F., & Aslan, I. (2014). The relationship among Organizational Cynicism, Job Insecurity and Turnover Intention: A Survey Study in Erzurum/ Turkey. Journal of Procedia- Social & Behavioral Sciences, 150, 429-437.

Cropanzano, R., Howes, J. C., Grandey, A. A., & Toth, P. (1997). The relationship of organizational politics and support to work behaviors, attitudes and stress. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18(2), 159-180.

Dean, J. W., Brandes, P., & Dharwadkar, R. (1998). Organizational cynicism. Academy of Management Review, 23(2), 341-352.

Eisenhardt, K. M., & Bourgeois, L. J. (1988). Politics of strategic decision making in highvelocity environments: Toward a mid-range theory. Academy of Management Journal, 31(4), 737-770.

Ferris, G. R., Frink, D. D., Bhawuk, D. P. S., Zhou, J., & Gilmore, D. C. (1996). Reactions of diverse groups to politics in the workplace. Journal of Management, 22(1), 23-44.

Gandz, J., & Murray, V. V. (1980). The experience of workplace politics. Academy of Management Journal, 23(2), 237-251.

Gilmore, D. C., Ferris, G. R., Dulebohn, J. H., & Harrell- Cook, G. (1996). Organizational Politics and employee attendance. Journal of Group & Organization Management, 21(4), 481-494.

Goodman, J. M., Evans, W. R., & Carson, C. M. (2011). Organizational politics and stress: Perceived Accountability as a Coping Mechanism. The Journal of Business Inquiry, 10(1), 66-80.

Harris, K., Andrews, M., & Kacmar, K. (2007). The moderating effects of justice on the relationship between organizational politics and workplace attitudes. Journal of Business & Psychology, 22(2), 135-144.

Houdamont, J., & Leka, S. (2010). An introduction to occupational health psychology. In S. Leka & J. Houdamont (Eds.), Occupational health psychology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

House, R. J., & Rizzo, J. R.  (1972). Role conflict and ambiguity as critical variables in a model of organizational behaviour. Journal of Organizational Behavior Humanity Performance, 7(3), 467-505.

Javed, M., Abrar, M., Bashir, M., & Shabir, M. (2014). Effect of perceived organizational politics and core self-evaluation on turnover intention: A south Asian perspective. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 4(2), 33-49.

Kacmar, K. M., & Carlson, D. S. (1997). Further validation of the perceptions of politics scale (pops): A multiple sample investigation. Journal of Management, 23(5), 627-658.

Kacmar, K. M., & Ferris, G. R. (1991). Perceptions of organizational politics scale (POPS): Development and construct validation. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51(1), 193-205.

Kacmar, K. M., Bozeman, D. P., Carlson, D. S., & Anthony, W. P. (1999). An examination of the perceptions of organizational politics model: Replication and extension. Journal of Human Relations, 52(3), 383-416.

Kasl, S. V., & Jones, B. A. (2011). An epidemiological perspective on research design, measurement, and surveillance strategies. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 375-394). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Kelloway, E. K., Gottlieb, B. H., & Barham, L. (1999). The source, nature, and direction of work and family conflict: A longitudinal investigation. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 4(4), 337-346.

Kyriacou, C. (2001). Teacher stress: Directions for future research. Journal of Educational. Review, 53(1), 1-12.

Lee, D. C., Hung, L. M., & Chen, M. L. (2012). Empirical study on the influence among corporate sponsorship, organizational commitment, organizational cohesiveness and turnover intention. Journal of Management and Sustainability, 2(2), 43-50.

Maslyn , J. M., & Fedor, D. B. (1998). Perceptions of politics: Does measuring different foci matter?. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(4), 645-653.

Miller, B., Rutherford, M., & Kolodinsky, R. (2008). Perceptions of organizational politics: A meta-analysis of outcomes. Journal of Business & Psychology, 22(3), 209-222.

Molm, L. D. (1997). Coercive power in social exchange. Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Contemporary approaches to assessing mediation in communication research. In A. F. Hayes, M. D. Slater, & L. B. Snyder (Eds.), The Sage sourcebook of advanced data analysis methods for communication research (pp. 13-54). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Rashid, U., Karim, N., Rashid, S., Usman, A. (2013). Employee’s Perception of Organizational Politics and its Relationship with Stress. Asian Journal of Business Management, 5(4), 348-352.

Reichers, A. E., Wanous, J. P., & Austin, J. T. (1997). Understanding and managing cynicism about organizational change. The Academy of Management Executive, 11(1), 48-59.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2010). Organizational behavior (14 ed.). New York: Prentice Hall.

Vigoda, E. (2000). Organizational politics, job attitudes, and work outcomes: Exploration and implications for the public sector. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 57(3), 326-347.

Vigoda, E., & Cohen, A. (2002). Influence tactics and perceptions of organizational politics: A longitudinal study. Journal of Business Research, 55(4), 311-324.