بررسی کیفیت زندگی کاری کارکنان و پیش‌بینی آن بر اساس انطباق‌پذیری مسیر شغلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره شغلی، دانشگاه پیام‌نور، قزوین، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام‌نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی سطح کیفیت زندگی کاری کارکنان آموزش و پرورش  شهر قزوین و پیش‌بینی آن براساس انطباق‌پذیری شغلی انجام گرفت. طرح پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش، کلیه کارکنان ادارات آموزش و پرورش شهر قزوین به تعداد 220 نفر بودند. طبق جدول مورگان، تعداد 136 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه پژوهش و با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها پس از تکمیل پرسشنامه‌های کیفیت زندگی کاری والتون و نیز انطباق‌پذیری مسیر شغلی ساویکاس، گردآوری و مورد تجزیه و تحلیل آماری، قرار گرفت. برای تحلیل داده‌ها، از آزمون‌های همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون گام‌به‌گام استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد، سطح کیفیت زندگی کاری کارکنان نسبتاً مطلوب است. هر سه ناحیه از نظر هیچ یک از مؤلفه‌های کیفیت زندگی کاری به جز "‌فضای کلی زندگی" تفاوت معنی‌داری را نشان ندادند. نمره میانگین مؤلفه "حقوق کافی و منصفانه" پایین‌ترین نمره بین تمام مؤلفه‌ها بود. بین انطباق‌پذیری شغلی با کیفیت زندگی کاری رابطه مثبت معنی‌داری وجود داشت و از بین ابعاد مختلف انطباق‌پذیری، بعد کنترل شغلی توانست پیش‌بین معنی‌داری برای کیفیت زندگی کاری باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Employees’ Quality of Work Life and Predicting it based on Career Adaptability

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mitra Tahriri 1
  • Mozhgan Hayati 2
  • Mahdi Ghodrati Mirkouhi 2
1 MA Student of Business Counseling, Payame Noor University, Qazvin, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of work life of Qazvin education staff and predicting it based on career adaptability.
 
Method
The research method was a descriptive and correlational study. The statistical population was all employees of three educational districts of Qazvin. According to the Kergci and Morgan table, 136 employees of this population were selected by simple random sampling method. Participants completed the Walton quality of work life and the Savicas career track adaptability questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and stepwise regression analyses.
 
Results
The results showed that the quality of work life of the employees is relatively high. In all three areas, none of the dimentions of quality of work life, except the overall living space, showed a significant difference. According to the results of this research, career adaptability of the employees was higher than average. Also, the findings showed that there is a significant positive correlation between career adaptability and quality of work life, so that by increasing adaptability, the quality of work life would increase. Results of stepwise regression analysis showed that among all dimentions of career adaptability, career control was a significant predictor of quality of work life.
 
Discussion
Because the lowest score are belong to the adequate and fair payment, so in order to improve the quality of employees’ life work, the most important issue that should be considered by educational managers are financial affairs, salary and benefits. Since only in the general living space dimention that relates to the balance between work and family life, there was a significant difference among distinct 3 and others. District 3 employees got higher scores. According to the smaller size of the area and employees’ workload they haven’t prevented from family responsibilities. If other areas can reduce workplace problems, can create a balance between work and family of employees, that it increases the quality of work. According to the positive relationship between employees’ career adaptability and quality of work life, counseling can be taken to increase adaptability especially in terms of control in order to improve the quality of work life of the employees. Accordingly, the specific attention of descion makers on teacher’s work life quality, seems to be necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality of work life
  • career adaptability
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