رابطه سرمایه روان‌شناختی و احساس امنیت روان‌شناختی معلمان با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره، واحد تهران جنوب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مشاوره، واحد تهران جنوب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی رابطه سرمایه روان‌شناختی و احساس امنیت روان‌شناختی معلمان با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان در سال تحصیلی 98-97 انجام شد. روش پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی معلمان و دانش‌آموزان دبیرستان دوره دوم پسرانه منطقه 6 آموزش و پرورش شهر تهران بودند که از میان آنها 50 معلم و 184 دانش‌آموز به شیوه نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، انتخاب شدند. به منظور گردآوری داده‌ها از 3 پرسشنامه سرمایه روان‌شناختی لوتانز، امنیت روانشناختی ادمونسون و پیشرفت تحصیلی ساعتچی استفاده شد. تحلیل داده‌ها توسط آزمون‌ همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه انجام شد. یافته‌ها نشان دادند که سرمایه روان‌شناختی و احساس امنیت روانشناختی معلمان با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان رابطه مثبت و معنی‌داری دارند. به‌طور‌کلی یافته‌ها نشان دادند که سرمایه روان‌شناختی و احساس امنیت روان‌شناختی معلمان توان پیش‌بینی پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان را دارند. بنابراین می‌توان گفت که افزایش سرمایه روان‌شناختی و احساس امنیت روان‌شناختی معلمان می‌تواند موجب پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship of Teachers' Psychological Capital and Psychological Security with Studnts’ Academic Achievement

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahimeh Nikkhah 1
  • Somaieh Salehi 2
1 MA of Counseling, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Education specialists have increasingly focused on studying the factors that influence academic achievement over the last three decades (Gibbsons, 2007). As positive psychology progresses, its applications to the workplace are expanding, such as positive organizational behavior, positive organizational research, and more recently, psychological capital (Golparvar, Fathi, Kazemi,& Rahmati azar monabadi., 2019). The psychological resources created by the positive emotions of the employees may lead to positive psychological states in the employees, such as their sense of psychological security (Ardalan, Ghanbari, Zandi, & Seif Panahi, 2013). Therefore, considering the role of teachers as the most important factor in the success of the educational system, as well as the role of their psychological capital and psychological security in students' inner passion and motivation, these two can improve the teaching-learning environment and thus to improve students' academic achievement. The aim of the present study was to investigate teachers' psychological capital and psychological security with students' academic achievement.
Method
The research method was descriptive-correlational type. The statistical population of the study consisted of teachers and high school students of the district 6 of the Ministry of Education in Tehran. From this population, 50 teachers and 184 students were selected by convenience sampling method. Data were collected using Lutz Psychological Capital, Edmonson Pychological Security, and Saatchi Educational Achievement Questionnaires. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and regression analysis.
 
Results
Findings showed that teachers' psychological capital and psychological security have positive and significant relationship with academic achievement. According to the results of multiple regression analysis, the variables of hope, resilience, optimism, efficiency, team usefulness, psychological safety, and learning behavior and team performance of teachers at a significance level less than 0.05 can predict students' academic achievement. Among the components of psychological capital, resilience, optimism, and efficacy are the most important predictors of student achievement.
 
Discussion
Given the importance of teachers’ psychological capital, it is recommended that school principals select teachers with this charateristic, provide opportunities such as educational courses, conferences and congresses and desirable educational quality. Also, giving teachers the freedom to act, increasing mutual respect, honesty, and openness in the workplace will enhance teachers' sense of psychological security.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological capital
  • psychological security
  • academic achievement
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