اثربخشی آموزش گروهی مسئولیت‌پذیری بر اساس نظریه انتخاب بر تعهد سازمانی و عملکرد شغلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مسئولیت‌پذیری به شیوه گروهی بر اساس نظریه انتخاب بر تعهد سازمانی و عملکرد شغلی مهندسین شرکت نارگان بود. نمونه آماری این پژوهش شامل 40 نفر از مهندسین بخش مهندسی شرکت مهندسین مشاور نارگان بود که از طریق نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه گمارده شدند. برای سنجش متغیرهای مورد مطالعه، از پرسشنامه‌های تعهد سازمانی آلن و می‌یر و عملکرد شغلی پاترسون استفاده شد. نتایج حاصل با استفاده از آخرین نسخه نرم‌افزار SPSS و با استفاده از روش تحلیل کوواریانس مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که اثر آموزش مذکور بر گروه آزمایش معنی‌دار بوده است. در مجموع این پژوهش اثربخشی آموزش مسئولیت‌پذیری به شیوه گروهی بر اساس نظریه انتخاب را بر تعهد سازمانی و عملکرد شغلی مورد تأیید قرار داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Responsibility Group Training Based on Choice Theory on Organizational Commitment and Job Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hassan Ghazanchaei 1
  • Mohammad Ehsan Taghizadeh 2
  • Mahdieh Rahmanian 3
1 MA of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Organizational commitment and job performance are among the most important organizational concepts that their role is very important in all aspects of an organization and training to improve these variables has always been the focus of managers. Despite of using training methods based on other approaches in psychology, the use of group training based on choice theory has been limited. The theory of choice is based on the psychology of internal control, and argued that human behaviors, emotions, and motivations are considered internal events. Responsibility training is based on choice theory and aims to teach people to adopt new behaviors to improve their unhappy relationships and satisfy their needs, and overall to increase their ability to control life effectively. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of group responsibility training based on the choice theory on organizational commitment and job performance.
 
Method
The pretest posttest control group desighn was used. The sample consisted of 40 employees, selected through stratified random sampling method from all engineers working in different engineering departments of Nargan Consulting Engineers Company. 40 employees were randomly assigned in two experimental and control groups. Allen and Meyer organizational commitment questionnaire including three emotional, continuance and normative components was used to measure the organizational commitment. Job performance was measured by Patterson job performance questionnaire. This questionnaire measures four components of job performance including sense of responsibility, discipline, cooperation and job improvement. After pre-test measurement, training was administered for the experimental group and then the post-test was performed. The data were analyzed by ANCOVA.
 
Results
The results of ANCOVA showed that the effect of training on organizational commitment (p < 0.001) and job performance (p < 0.012) were significant.
 
Discussion
In general, this study investigates the effectiveness of group responsibility training based on choice theory on organizational commitment and job performance.The results of this study confirmed the previous studies regarding the effectiveness of the theory of choice training on improving individuals' behavioral abilities and acceptance of work life responsibilities.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Choice Theory
  • responsibility
  • organizational commitment
  • job performance
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