نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی رابطه اعتیاد به کار و اشتیاق کاری با کیفیت زندگی کاری با توجه به نقش تعدیل‌کنندگی ویژگی‌های شخصیتی بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه ماماهای شاغل در سه بیمارستان زنان مامایی شهر تبریز (الزهرا – طالقانی- 29 بهمن) در سال 1397 بود که از میان آن‌ها 120 نفر با استفاده از روش سرشماری انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه‌های اعتیاد به کار وارت، اشتیاق کاری سالوانا و شافلی، کیفیت زندگی کاری والتون، و پنج عامل شخصیت نئو کاستا و مک کری بودند. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه و تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی در نرم‌افزار SPSS-23 تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که اعتیاد به کار و اشتیاق کاری با کیفیت زندگی کاری همبستگی مثبت و معنی‌داری دارند (p <0.05). نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نیز نشان داد که هر دو متغیر اعتیاد به کار و اشتیاق کاری، توان پیش‌بینی کیفیت زندگی کاری را داشتند (p <0.05). در نهایت، نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی نشان داد که هیچ یک از ویژگی‌های شخصیتی رابطه اعتیاد به کار و کیفیت زندگی کاری را تعدیل نمی‌کنند، اما از بین ویژگی‌های شخصیتی، وظیفه‌شناسی و تجربه‌پذیری، نقش تعدیل‌کنندگی معنی‌داری در رابطه بین اشتیاق کاری و کیفیت زندگی کاری دارند (p <0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship of Workaholism and Job Engagemnet with Quality of Work Life: The Moderating Role of Personality Characteristics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Lily Pouraliqli Ipchi 1
  • Hadi Farhadi 2

1 MA Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Introduction
This study aimed to investigate the relationship of workaholism and work engagement with quality of work life considering the moderating role of personality characteristics in midwives of three Gynecology and Midwifery Hospitals (Alzahra, Taleghani, 29 Bahman) in Tabriz.
 
Method
The statistical population consisted of all midwives working in three gynecology and midwifery hospitals (Alzahra, Taleghani, & 29 Bahman) in 2018 which 120 individuals were selected by census sampling method. Instruments included the Workaholism (Wart, 1999), Work Engagement (Salanova, Schaufeli, 2001), Quality of Work Life (Walton, 1973), and the Neo-Five Factor (Costa & McCree, 1986) Questionnaires. Data were analyzed by SPSS-23 software using Pearson correlation coefficients, multiple regression analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis.
 
Results
The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between workaholism and work engagement with quality of work life (p < 0.05). The results of regression analysis showed that both variables of workaholic and work engagement were able to predict the quality of work life (p < 0.05). The results of hierarchical regression analysis showed that none of the personality characteristics have a moderating role in the relationship of workaholism and quality of work life, but among personality characteristics, conscientiousness and openness to expirience had a significant moderating role in the relationship between work engagement and quality of work life (p < 0.05).
 
Discussion
 This study provides important findings regarding how work engagement and some personality characteristics can be effective in relation to quality of work-life.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • workaholism
  • work engagement
  • Quality of work life
  • personality chracteristics
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