نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی صنعتی/سازمانی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد الکترونیکی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری روان‌شناسی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد الکترونیکی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

سلامت نیروی کار شامل سلامت فیزیکی و سلامت روانی می‌باشد. بهبود شرایط روانی می‌تواند موجب پیشگیری بسیاری از مشکلات و حوادث ناشی از کار و افزایش سطح سلامت کارکنان گردد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی نقش تعدیل‌کننده استرس شغلی در رابطه بین جو ایمنی و حوادث ناشی از کار در کارکنان شرکت توزیع برق استان خوزستان بود. این تحقیق به لحاظ هدف کاربردی بوده و طرح آن توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی کارکنان عملیاتی شرکت توزیع برق استان خوزستان بود. تعداد ۲۱۴ نفر از آن‌ها به روش تصادفی مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و پرسشنامه‌های جو ایمنی نوردیک، پرسشنامه استرس شغلی و پرسشنامه حوادث شغلی را تکمیل نمودند. داده‌های جمع‌آوری‌شده با روش‌های همبستگی و رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد بین متغیرهای جو ایمنی با استرس شغلی و نرخ حوادث ناشی از کار، رابطه منفی و معنی‌داری وجود دارد، و استرس شغلی با نرخ حوادث ناشی از کار، رابطه مثبت و معنی‌داری دارد. همچنین نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی نشان داد متغیر استرس شغلی در رابطه بین جو ایمنی و نرخ حوادث ناشی از کار نقش تعدیل‌کننده داشته و این رابطه را در جهت منفی تعدیل می‌کند. بنابراین علی‌رغم این که جو ایمنی یک عامل مهم در کاهش حوادث شغلی است، اما با وجود استرس شغلی در کارکنان، افزایش جو ایمنی، نمی‌تواند نرخ حوادث ناشی از کار را چندان کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Moderating Role of Job Stress in the Relationship between Safety Climate and Work-Related Accidents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Najm Jamea 1
  • Zeinab Rabbani 2

1 MA of Industrial/Organizational Psychology, Department of Psychology, Electronic Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Electronic Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Introduction
Employee’s health includes physical and mental health, so, improving mental health can prevent many problems and accidents caused by work and increase the level of employee’s health. The purpose of this research was to study the moderating role of job stress in the relationship between safety climate and work-related accidents in employees of Power Distribution Company of Khuzestan province.
 
Method
The present research was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population was all of the operational employees who worked in the Power Distribution Company of Khuzestan province, who were 480 people. 214
people were selected by multistage random sampling method.  Nordic Safety
Climate Questionnaire, Job Stress Questionnaire, and Occupational Accident Questionnaire were used for data collecting. Hierarchical Regression Analysis and Pearson Correlation were used for data analysis by SPSS-21 software.
 
Results
The results of correlation analysis showed that the relationship of safety climate with job stress and work-related accidents was negative and significant. Also, there was a positive and significant relationship between job stress and work-related accidents. The results of hierarchical regression analysis showed that job stress moderated the relationship between safety climate and work-related accidents rate.
 
Discussion
Considering the moderating role of job stress in the relationship between safety climate and work-related accidents, the implementation of comprehensive programs on employee stress management is recommended.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • safety climate
  • work-related accidents
  • job stress
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