نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، واحد خلخال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، خلخال، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین ویژگی‌های روان­سنجی مقیاس اعتماد تیمی کاستا و اندرسون (2011) و نیز بررسی رابطه اعتماد با انسجام و عملکرد در درون تیم­های کاری انجام شده است. طرح پژوهش حاضر همبستگی از طریق الگویابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی کارکنان کارکنان اداره کل ورزش و جوانان استان اردبیل در سال 1400 بود. تعداد 196 نفر به روش سرشماری انتخاب شدند و پرسش‌نامه‌های پژوهش را تکمیل کردند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل مقیاس‌های اعتماد تیمی (کاستا و اندرسون، 2011)، صداقت (جارونپا و همکاران، 1998)، پیش­آمادگی برای اعتماد (آشلیگ و همکاران، 2012)، انسجام تیمی (کارلس و دی­پائولا، 2000) و عملکرد تیمی (وست و مارکیویکس، 2004) بودند. به منظور بررسی همسانی درونی و پایایی مقیاس از روش ضریب آلفای کرونباخ و همبستگی هر ماده با نمره‌ کل آزمون استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد این مقیاس از پایایی قابل قبولی برخوردار است. به منظور بررسی روایی مقیاس اعتماد تیمی از چند روش استفاده شد. اول، تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نشان داد که ساختار چهار عاملی این مقیاس با 20 ماده از برازش مناسبی برخوردار است. دوم، نتایج حاصل از بررسی روایی همگرا نشان داد که مقیاس اعتماد تیمی با مقیاس‌های صداقت و پیش­آمادگی برای اعتماد رابطه‌ مثبت و معنی­داری دارد. سوم، نتایج حاصل از روایی پیش‌بین نشان داد که اعتماد تیمی قادر به پیش‌بینی انسجام تیمی و عملکرد تیمی می­باشد. در مجموع، یافته‌های پژوهش نشان دادند که مقیاس اعتماد تیمی یک مقیاس پایا و معتبر برای سنجش اعتماد تیمی در سازمان­های ایرانی می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Psychometric properties of the Team Trust Scale and its Relationship with the Cohesion and Performance of Work Teams

نویسنده [English]

  • robab mokhtari

Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Management, Khalkhal Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal, Iran

چکیده [English]

Introduction
Today, teams are recognized as an integral and central component of organizations, and the performance of organizations is increasingly and progressively influenced by the performance of teams and working groups. Accordingly, organizations and researchers alike are increasingly focused on team performance as well as individual performance on teams. At the same time, attention has been paid to the characteristics and processes within teams that can affect their effectiveness. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Costa and Anderson (2011) Team Trust Scale and also to investigate the relationships of trust with cohesion and performance within work teams.
 
Method
The present research design is correlational through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The statistical population of the study included all employees of the General Department of Sports and Youth of Ardabil province in 2021. A total of 196 people were selected by census method and completed the research questionnaires. Research instruments included Team Trust (Costa & Anderson, 2011), Integrity (Jarvenpaa et al., 1998), Predisposition to Trust (Ashleigh et al., 2012), Team Cohesion (Carless & De Paola, 2000), and Team Performance (West & Markiewicz, 2004) scales. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and correlation of each item with the total score of the test were used to investigate the internal consistency and reliability of the scale.
 
Results
The results showed that the scale had acceptable reliability. Several methods were used to assess the validity of the Team Trust Scale. First, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that the four-factor structure of the scale with 20 items was well-fitted. Second, the results of convergent validity showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between team trust with Integrity (r=0.67, p<0.01) and predisposition to trust (r=0.62, p<0.01). Third, the results of the predictive validity showed that team trust was able to predict team cohesion (r=0.63, p<0.01) and team performance (r=0.65, p<0.01).
 
Discussion
The results of the present study showed that the team trust scale has necessary reliability and validity and can be used to measure this construct in Iranian employees. This scale can have many applications in research related to working groups and teams. Since it was observed in the present study that the team trust scale has appropriate psychometric properties, it is suggested that this scale be used in future research to examine and measure the construct of team trust in the workplace.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Team Trust Scale
  • Team Cohesion
  • Team Performance
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