نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 استاد تمام گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه اضطراب کرونا و نگرانی سلامتی با کیفیت زندگی پرستاران با میانجی‌گری تاب‌آوری بود. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی پرستاران زن شاغل در بیمارستان‌های دولتی کرونایی شهر اهواز در شش ماه اول سال 1400 بود (320N=). تعداد 250 پرستار با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و با استفاده از شبکه‌ مجازی واتس آپ، پرسشنامه‌های آنلاین در اختیار آنان قرار گرفت. به منظور گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسش‌نامه‌ کیفیت زندگی (سازمان بهداشت جهانی، 2006)، مقیاس اضطراب کرونا علیزاده و همکاران (1399)، مقیاس نگرانی سلامتی ولز و دیویس (1994)، و پرسش‌نامه تاب‌آوری کانر و دیویدسون (2003) استفاده شد. داده­ها با استفاده از الگویابی معادلات ساختاری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. هم‌چنین، اثرات غیرمستقیم از طریق روش بوت‌استراپ مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که مسیرهای مستقیم اضطراب کرونا بر تاب‌آوری (35/0-=β، 01/0>p)، نگرانی سلامتی بر تاب‌آوری (20/0=β، 05/0>p)، اضطراب کرونا بر کیفیت زندگی (11/0-=β، 05/0>p) و تاب‌آوری بر کیفیت زندگی (58/0=β، 01/0>p) معنی‌دار هستند. با این حال، مسیر مستقیم نگرانی سلامتی بر کیفیت زندگی (03/0=β، 05/0<p) معنی‌دار نبود. هم‌چنین، اثر غیرمستقیم اضطراب کرونا بر کیفیت زندگی از طریق تاب‌آوری و نیز اثر غیرمستقیم نگرانی سلامتی بر کیفیت زندگی از طریق تاب‌آوری معنی­دار بوده(01/0>p)،. با توجه به تأثیر نامطلوب اضطراب و نگرانی نسبت به سلامتی بر تاب‌آوری و کیفیت زندگی پرستاران، پیشنهاد می‌شود که آموزش‌هایی در جهت مدیریت اضطراب و نگرانی در حوزه سلامتی انجام شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship of Corona Anxiety and Health Concern with Quality of Life: Mediating Role of Resilience in Nurses

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kamran Mazhari 1
  • Ahmad Borjali 2
  • Abdollah Moatamedy 2

1 MA of psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University

2 Allameh Tabataba&#039;i University

چکیده [English]

Introduction
The aim of this study was to investigate the Relationship of Corona Anxiety and Health Concern with Quality of Life with mediating role of resilience in Nurses
 
Method
The statistical population included all female nurses working in COVID-19 government hospitals in Ahvaz in the first 6 months of 2021(N=320). Therefore, 250 nurses were selected by cencus sampling method and were provided with online questionnaires using WhatsApp virtual network. In order to collect data, the Short Form of Quality of Life Questionnaire (World Health Organization, 2006), Corona Anxiety Scale (Alizadeh et al., 2020), Health Concern Scale (Wells & Davis, 1994), and the Resilience Scale (Connor & Davidson, 2003) were used. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Also, indirect effects were investigated through the bootstrap method.
 
Results
The results showed that the direct effects of corona anxiety on resilience
(β = -0.35, p <0.05), health concern on resilience (β = 0.20, p <0.05), corona anxiety on quality of life (β = -0.11, p <0.05), and resilience on quality of life (β = 0.58, p <0.05) were significant. However, the direct path of health concern on quality of life (β = 0.03, p <0.05) was not significant. Also, the indirect effect of corona anxiety on quality of life through resilience and also the indirect effect of health anxiety on quality of life through resilience were significant (p <0.01).
 
Discussion
Due to the importance of resilience in the quality of life of nurses, it is recommended that training be done to promote the quality of life of nurses.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • quality of life
  • corona anxiety
  • health concern
  • Resilience
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